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Solutions (Tiebreakers) (2021)


Installation: 16" x 24" x 24". Reindeer lichen, glass vases, 1300 litmus paper strips, water, vinegar, baking soda, tape

Digital video: 2:26 mins

On view: MOZAIK Future Art Awards: Reimagining Democracy

Under what conditions will something contradict itself, become fractured, replicate the oppositional framework in which it is nested, or — alternatively — embrace its other side or half, or become whole or integrated? One view of "difference" entails incompatibility, and the other, integration.

Litmus paper’s color-changing ability comes from lichens, which are symbiotic fungi-algae associations that extend their intrinsic mutualism outward. Thousands of lichen species proliferate on many surfaces in a nonparasitic manner, using the surfaces as substrates and serving as substrates for other organisms. Biologist Scott Gilbert noted, "We are all lichens," meaning human bodies are also associations of co-functioning organisms, rather than entities siloed apart from nature or each other.

Here, clouds of lichen anchor and buoy the test and dream of democracy; the color break in the ties indicates not a "winner," but the deconstruction of an antagonistic logic of "other." Seeing ourselves reflected in all that appears "other," we are compelled to engage with all that surrounds us with care and responsibility. As lichens are incredibly diverse, so are we; like lichens, we have the potential and power to ground and express our differences through mutualism, rather than separatism, suppression, fear or exploitation.

Detail views (click to enlarge):

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